The Issues Agenda represents the policy blueprint for the Federal Bar Association’s (FBA) government relations and advocacy efforts. It is a prioritized list of legislative and public policy issues that are of significant interest to the FBA because of their impact on the federal legal system and federal jurisprudence.
Each year the association renews the Issues Agenda and solicits issue nominations from members, chapters, sections, and divisions. Earlier this spring the FBA received two nominations, which the Board of Directors reviewed at its June 22, 2018, meeting with the assistance of the Government Relations Committee (GRC). The board approved the recommendations of the GRC and ultimately added an issue providing support for the use of police body camera technology.
The Issues Agenda is divided into active and monitored issues. Active issues are subject to active attention by the FBA. Monitored issues are not subject to active attention but are monitored in the event of new developments.
ACTIVE LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
Independence of the Federal Judiciary
The FBA reaffirms the importance of the independence of the judiciary, recognizing that judicial decisions are not immune from scrutiny, but are to be made solely on the basis of the law.
Funding for the Federal Courts
The FBA supports adequate funding for the general and continuing operations of the federal courts—including an equitable level of rent and facilities expense consistent with actual costs, budgetary constraints, staffing needs, and security considerations—to permit the courts to fulfill their constitutional and statutory responsibilities.
Federal Judgeships and Caseloads
The FBA supports the authorization and establishment of additional permanent and temporary federal judgeships—including bankruptcy judgeships, as well as support personnel—as proposed by the Judicial Conference of the United States when rising caseloads in the federal courts threaten the prompt delivery of justice. The FBA also supports efforts to educate Congress, the legal profession, and the general public about how the overwhelming caseloads threaten the ability of the Third Branch of the federal government to function.
Federal Judicial Vacancies
The FBA calls upon the president and Congress to act promptly and responsibly in nominating and confirming nominees to the federal appellate and district courts. The FBA supports the development of strategies to reduce the time required to fill federal judicial vacancies.
The Federal Bar Association supports the adoption of adequate security measures to protect the Federal Judiciary, their families, and court personnel in and outside the courthouse, while preserving meaningful public access to judicial proceedings.
Federal Judicial Pay
The FBA supports equitable compensation and regular periodic adjustments for the federal judiciary, as well as senior officials of the executive branch and members of Congress, to promote the recruitment and retention of the highest quality public servants.
Respect for the Federal Courts
Declining public confidence in our courts undermines respect for the courts and the legitimacy of their rulings. To counter that influence, the FBA supports programming and other efforts to educate the public about the federal courts and the role they serve in ensuring a just society.
Professionalism and Stature of Federal Attorneys
The FBA supports and promotes efforts to improve the professionalism and stature of attorneys employed by the federal government, including: enhancements to the compensation packages of federal attorneys, including pay and retirement benefits, to assist in recruitment and retention; the expansion, consistent with applicable conflict of interest laws, of policies encouraging full participation of attorneys employed by the federal government in professional organizations and pro bono legal activities, including approval for use of administrative leave; enhanced federal funding for participation in CLE and training programs, including paid tuition and administrative leave; and the establishment of programs for student loan deferral and repayment assistance for all federal attorneys, including federal law clerks, federal defenders, and judge advocates of the U.S. armed forces, in support of recruitment and retention efforts.
Social Security Disability Appeals Backlog
The FBA supports adequate funding and resources for the Social Security Administration to remove the significant backlog of disability benefit appeals awaiting adjudication and to ensure the fair and timely administration of justice for all appellants.
Authority of Bankruptcy Judges in ‘Core Proceedings’
The FBA supports the amendment of bankruptcy law to expressly allow bankruptcy judges to issue proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law in core proceedings in which they are otherwise barred from entering final judgments under Article III of the U.S.Constitution.
Commission on Nazi-Confiscated Art Claims
The FBA supports the congressional creation of a commission to address identification and ownership issues related to Nazi-confiscated artworks, pursuant to the Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art, as signed by the United States and the international community.
Article I Immigration Court
The FBA supports the transfer of responsibilities for the adjudication of immigration claims from the Executive Office of Immigration Review within the Department of Justice to a specialized Article I court, as established by Congress, for the adjudication of claims under the Immigration and Naturalization Act.
Federal Criminal Sentencing
The FBA supports efforts to advance fairness and consistency in federal sentencing, while preserving judicial independence and discretion to deal with the particular circumstances of individual cases.
Military Spouse Attorney Mobility
The FBA supports state-level legal licensing accommodations, including bar admission without additional examination, for attorneys who are spouses of service members (i.e., members of U.S. uniformed services as defined in 10 U.S.C. §101(a)(5)) when: (1) those “military spouse attorneys” are present in a particular state, commonwealth, or territory of the United States or District of Columbia due to their service members’ military assignment; (2) they are graduates of accredited law schools; and (3) they are licensed attorneys in good standing in the bar of another state, commonwealth, or territory of the United States or District of Columbia.
Patent Litigation Reform
The FBA supports legislation that curbs abusive patent litigation practices and other responsible measures to improve the quality and clarity of patents. The FBA opposes legislation that reduces judicial discretion in adjudicating patent actions or circumvents the Rules Enabling Act by mandating changes that depart from the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in patent cases.
Marrakesh Treaty and Access to Copyrighted Works by the Blind
The FBA supports U.S. Senate ratification of the Marrakesh Treaty, which would allow for copyright exceptions to facilitate the creation of accessible versions of books and other copyrighted works for persons who are blind, visually impaired, or otherwise print-disabled.
Police Body Camera Technology The FBA supports the use of police body camera technology to enhance the availability of evidence in criminal, police, and civil rights investigations.
MONITORED LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
The FBA supports the full funding of courthouse construction proposed by the Judicial Conference of the United States.
Cameras in the Courts
The FBA encourages a discussion of the competing considerations vis-à-vis proposed legislation that would authorize federal judges, in their discretion, to permit photographing, electronic recording, broadcasting, and televising of federal court proceedings in appropriate circumstances.
Division of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
The FBA opposes the division of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, consistent with its capacity to effectively and efficiently render justice.
CLE Funding for the Federal Judiciary
The FBA supports the expansion of and enhancement of federal funding for CLE and training programs for the federal judiciary.
Expansion of Federal Jurisdiction Over State- and Local-Prosecuted Crimes
The FBA advocates strict scrutiny of legislation proposing to grant original jurisdiction to federal authorities over crimes traditionally reserved to state and local prosecution.
Criminal Justice Act Panel Attorney Compensation
The FBA supports congressional funding to permit an increase in
compensation rates for Criminal Justice Act panel attorneys.
National Security and Civil Liberties
The FBA encourages the discussion of the competing considerations
in the nation’s war against terror between the protection of civil
liberties and the interests of national security.
Prevention of Epidemics and Civil Liberties
The FBA encourages and contributes to a discussion of the com- peting considerations between governmental restrictions to guard against epidemics and pandemics and the preservation of individual rights, as well as the use of technology to ensure the continuance of participatory governance.
Safety of Administrative Judges
The FBA supports the efforts by the Social Security Administration and the Executive Office of Immigration Review to take appropriate steps to ensure the security of their administrative law judges and immigration judges, as well as all others who participate in their proceedings.
Veteran Disability Claims Adjudication
The FBA supports legislative and administrative improvements to the veterans disability claims process in the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs to ensure equitable and expeditious determinations.
Attorney Fee-Based Representation of Veterans
The FBA supports proposals to expand the availability of fee-based representation of veterans in the disability claims process and to oppose any efforts to repeal the authority of attorney representation to veterans in the furtherance of such claims.
The FBA opposes legislative proposals to eliminate judicial discretion in the imposition of sanctions for frivolous litigation, including proposals to revise Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure by imposing mandatory sanctions and preventing a party from withdrawing challenged pleadings on a voluntary basis within a reasonable time.